The size of oneâ€™s chip stack and the size of their opponentsâ€™ chip stacks is crucially important in the game of poker, not just in determining whoâ€™s winning or who can knock out who, but also in how the size of the stacks affect the play at the table. If a player has a larger stack they will play differently than if they had a smaller stack. Also, if oneâ€™s opponent has a larger stack one will play differently that if the opponent had a smaller stack. Knowing how the size of the chip stacks affect play can help improve oneâ€™s poker game.
When a person has a large chip stack, whether they be the chip leader or near the chip lead, they will attempt to put pressure on their opponents who are not as fortunate to have a large stack and make them throw their cards into the muck, further increasing their stacks and giving them an even more comfortable margin over their opponents. However, large stacks are wary against going up against other large stacks, as a huge pot going in the wrong direction can cripple a large stack. This means that if you have a large stack you can feel free to put pressure on other large stacks who will be wary of facing you. As long as you donâ€™t make your attentions too obvious and donâ€™t push the pot too big, this tactic can help you accumulate chips at the expense of your most dangerous opponents, chip stack wise.
Players who have dwindling chip stacks will play tighter and will, in fact, only play if they are pushing all in. In most situations they will bow out to pressure, but one always has to be aware of the possibility that they picked up a good hand and will move all-in. Feel free to apply pressure to the smaller stacks, but be cautious lest they force you into making a tough decision. If you are the one with the short stack your options are simple: All-in or fold.
Players with average stack sizes will play their usual style of play, whether it be tight-aggressive, tight-passive, loose-aggressive, or loose-passive. Knowing the style your opponent plays is critical, so get to know your opponent, pay attention to how they act, and you will be armed with the information you need to match them in wits if your stack is average or bully them if you have a large stack. If you have a smaller stack, but not one so small as to be considered a short stack you will have to wait for opportunities to strike and bring more chips into your stack.
These tips are useful as general guidelines on how to play against stacks of certain sizes, but should by no means be considered written code, as this is poker and there will always be exceptions to the rules. Every player is different and will have slightly different ways of dealing with the myriad situations that appear during the course of a poker game.